The OECD employment outlook report (2023) focuses on the current and future influence of AI on the labour market. Focusing on skills needs it highlights the following:
- Some skills (e.g., psychomotor abilities, language production and comprehension, planning, advising) can be replicated by technology so AI is likely to impact skill needs in the near future.
- Increased demand for skills in developing, maintaining and using AI will occur but also more generally for digital and data science skills, and transversal skills.
- Developing AI skills should occur both through formal training and on-the-job.
- To foster AI development and adoption training should not only target vulnerable groups.
- Lack of AI adoption in companies may be due to lack of information regarding its benefits or lack of skills. After adoption, companies should provide training for their employees.
- Public policies are central to ensure training from education to lifelong learning. While most recognise the importance of these skills, measures to promote their development are not sufficient.
- AI can also be used to improve training for the development of skills. However, there are certain risks that must be addressed.
OECD (2023), OECD Employment Outlook 2023: Artificial Intelligence and the Labour Market, OECD Publishing, Paris, https://doi.org/10.1787/08785bba-en.
And for an overview with some graphs and infographics: https://oecd.org/employment-outlook/2023/